Sinusitis Leads to Bacterial Infection
A sinus infection is often the result of sinusitis and can be both painful and taxing. Affecting 37 million people in the U.S. each year, it is a problem that most people have suffered from at least once and it has been a problem chronically for many. If diagnosed incorrectly, ineffective treatments can be the result.
Inside a person’s skull are small cavities known as sinuses. Normally, these cavities are filled with air. The sinuses are responsible for the production of mucus that keeps a person’s nasal passages allergen and pollutant free. The sinuses are found above the eyes and in the forehead, inside each of a person’s cheek bones, and underneath the brain behind the nose bridge.
If the tissue that lines the sinuses becomes inflamed, sinusitis will develop causing swelling to block off the sinuses and trap both the mucus and air inside the sinuses. The result of this is pain and pressure that can, at times, lead to a bacterial infection.
Two types of sinusitis are:
• Acute – The duration of this type can be up to four weeks.
• Chronic – This type is more difficult to diagnose and to treat. It may last several weeks and in some cases will linger for years.
A cold or allergy are thought to be the trigger of sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis can be due to a blockage caused by either nasal passages’ defects in structure or a nasal polyp that prevent sinuses to drain normally.
Whether acute or chronic, sinusitis symptoms can include:
• Mucus that is thick, clear, yellowish or green,
• Pain and pressure of the upper cheeks of the face, forehead, between the eyes or upper teeth,
• Nose congested and stuffy,
• Smell and/or taste sense decreased,
• Sore Throat,
• Bad breath, and
Home Remedies for Sinusitis and Sinus Infections
There are a number of natural remedies for the pain and pressure of sinusitis and sinus infections.
Moist Air Can Be a Home Cure for Sinus Infection
Since dry air can irritate a person’s sinuses, it is a good idea to keep a humidifier running in your bedroom or other rooms of your home where you spend most of your time. This is especially important during the winter months when people heat their homes. It is better to be a little cool and wear a sweater than for a person to overheat their home and irritate their sinuses by doing so.
Moist air will help by reducing congestion. A great sinus infection remedy is to inhale steam from a short distance two to four times a day. Run hot water in the shower and sit in the bathroom with the door closed. Do not breathe steam from a tea kettle or pot since breathing steam too close can burn.
When a person is experiencing a sinus problem, vaporizers can make them more comfortable. The vaporizer should be kept close to the person. It is also important to clean the vaporizer every day in order to prevent the growth of bacteria. The person should breathe the vaporizer’s mist and not breathe the steam from a vaporizer since it can burn. Breathing steam must by all means be used with caution since steam burns. That includes a tea kettle’s or pot’s steam as well.
Water Can Be a Sinus Infection Remedy
In order to thin out mucus and encourage your sinuses to drain, you should drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water, juice, hot tea or other beverages every day. This will help to fight the infection and by keeping you hydrated will help to prevent sinusitis.
In addition, alcohol and caffeine can be dehydrating and for that reason should be limited or avoided. Sinus swelling can also be made worse by drinking alcohol.
Avoid Fumes and Allergy Triggers That Irritate Sinuses
Fumes from cigarette smoking can severely irritate a person’s sinuses as well as fumes from paints, perfumes, hair spray and cleaning products. These can not only hinder the healing process of an infection but can also initiate a sinus problem. Due to these reasons, a person should not allow family or friends to smoke in their home. It is also a good idea to use unscented “green” cleaning products that most likely do not contain harsh chemicals.
Nasal allergies are often the triggers of sinus problems. For that reason, it is imperative that persons sensitive to pet dander, pollen and dust mites avoid these as much as possible or seek treatment for their allergies. Pet owners should be sure to clean and bathe their pets weekly and limit their exposure to pets at night.
Nasal Irrigation Can Be a Home Cure for Sinus Infection
Keeping sinuses clear and clean is important for the healing and avoidance of sinus infections. Nasal irrigation also known as nasal wash or nasal lavage is an excellent sinus infection remedy. The thickened mucus and allergens that cause a person’s sinus congestion are flushed out with a mild saline solution. This can be done by leaning over a sink, squirting the saline solution into one nose nostril and then letting it drain into the person’s nasal cavity and out through the other nostril. While doing this, the mouth should be open and the person should not breathe through their nose.
For nasal irrigation, the following are needed:
• Rinse bottles
• Bulb Syringes
• Neti pots that are sold at most drugstores.
• A prefilled container of saline solution that can be purchased or a person can make their own saline solution. This is done by mixing approximately sixteen ounces of sterile lukewarm water with one teaspoon of salt. The sting of the salt can be reduced by adding 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda to the solution.